I think I understand what is going on here. From some hatches, I was able to fast travel to other hatches by clicking on the map. This led me to think that was the correct way to use fast travel. When I select the destination from the side bar, as you suggested, fast travel works as expected from all hatches I have tried so far.
At this point, I see 4 bugs, all of which are pretty minor or probably easy to fix:
Shocking Carelessness is not clearing once completed
Messaging to the player about how to use fast travel when using a keyboard and mouse is not nearly as clear as when using a controller
Some hatches allow you to use fast travel by clicking on the map instead of the side bar
The message that pops up when you click on the map of "You cannot fast travel from this location" implies that you can fast travel by clicking on the map.